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Lower Kindergarten

Age Group

3.5 - 4.5 Years

Lower Kindergarten, often abbreviated as LKG, is the first stage of preschool education in many countries around the world. It is typically designed for children between the ages of 3.5-4.5 years old, although this can vary depending on the education system.

At this age, children are starting to develop their motor skills and are becoming more aware of the world around them. They are curious, enthusiastic, and eager to learn new things. The curriculum in LKG is carefully designed to cater to these needs and provide a safe, nurturing environment for children to learn and grow.

Here are some of the key aspects of the LKG curriculum:

Play-based learning: At this age, children learn best through play. The LKG curriculum is therefore designed to be hands-on, with plenty of activities that encourage exploration, experimentation, and discovery.

Language and literacy: Children at this age are just beginning to learn to read and write. The LKG curriculum will introduce them to the basics of phonics, vocabulary, and sentence structure. Activities such as story time, rhyming games, and letter recognition exercises will help build their language and literacy skills.

Math: Basic math concepts like counting, number recognition, and simple addition and subtraction will be introduced to children in LKG. Activities like sorting, matching, and pattern recognition will help build their mathematical skills.

Social and emotional development: LKG is also a crucial stage in a child's social and emotional development. Activities that encourage sharing, teamwork, and empathy will help children develop important social skills. Teachers will also focus on helping children regulate their emotions, manage their behavior, and build positive relationships with others.

Communication: Children learn to express themselves verbally, through gestures and body language, and through art and play. They develop listening skills, learn new vocabulary, and begin to understand the structure of language.

General Knowledge: Children learn about their immediate environments, such as their home, family, and neighborhood and explore basic concepts related to science, social studies, and the arts.


Arts and crafts: Creativity is a key part of early childhood development, and the LKG curriculum will often include art and craft activities that allow children to express themselves and develop their fine motor skills.

Overall, the LKG curriculum is designed to be engaging, fun, and developmentally appropriate for young children. It lays the foundation for a lifetime of learning and sets children up for success in their future education.

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